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A Brief Comparison of Greek and Roman Architecture

The Historical Greek Globe was one particular of the most dynamic, impressive and progressive intervals of artwork in western civilization. The Greeks were being a folks who strove for naturalism and perfection in their artwork. In their buildings, exterior composition and aesthetics were being of most important concern. The Greeks regarded as elegance a unique element of the gods and their pursuit of attractiveness was just about a religious exercise. The work of the ancient Greek Architect was to make a wonderful temple for the god. The progress of Greek temple structure also brought about the three column orders doric, ionic and corinthian, which have been utilised thoroughly in Greek properties and have really affected other cultures.

The Romans had been the very first builders in Europe, and in all probability the 1st in the earth to understand the benefits of the arch, vault and dome. The structures they left behind are a reminder of the genius of Roman engineering. They invented concrete and cherished creating arches and monuments to by themselves. They also cherished to be entertained. The Romans liked almost everything from chariot races to gladiator contests to musical performs to the ballet. Three of the most critical structures developed for mass amusement have been the theatre, the ampitheatre and the circus.

The Hepaisteion, Athens

A Greek temple’s principal perform was to shelter the god it was constructed for. That is why the temples had been adorned on the outside the house, no one particular went within. No component of a Greek temple was symbolic or meant just about anything other than what it was, a temple for a god, with a sheltered colonnade for worshippers. Greek architects did not attempt for individuality, the historical Greek builder could erect a normal temple with a quick verbal description.

Early Roman temples differed from Greek both on the inside of and in their relationship to their environment. Generally up to 3 gods were being housed together, although their rooms have been slim, the temple as a entire tended to be loftier and grander than Greek temples.

The Hepaisteion is a normal peripteral model temple. It is massive in overall look with simple doric capitals and thick heavy columns produced of created up drums of stone all about. Its types of mass and and volume are basic rectangles, cylinders and cones with a triangular roof. The temple stands in isolation resting on a minimal basis, approachable from all sides by a few actions. The website of the temple was almost as vital as the temple by itself. In contrast to Greeks, Roman temples experienced a concentrate of awareness and most had a frontal entry only.

The Hepaisteion is basically a area known as a cella with a porch in the entrance and rear, that is enclosed within a colonnade that supports the roof, which in flip safeguards the cella from rain and sun. Many early Roman pagan temples are similar to the Hepaisteion, but with the big difference that pushes the cella to just one conclude of the space and decoration inside of the temple.

Stone was the major building materials used in Greek temple design. Timbering was applied in the roof and ceiling. Terracotta roof tiles have been also made use of. Every thing that was marble was reduce in massive blocks and held collectively by clamps and dowels. Paint was utilised to emphasize molding to fortify the contrasting aspects of the frieze.

The Theatre of Marcellus, Rome

The Greeks may well have invented drama, but theatre style was revolutionized by the Romans. They improved the Greek theatre, a structure that was ordinarily created into a hillside, with its circular orchestra and detached scene creating into a freestanding composition that united auditorium and phase. The back again of the stage was as superior as the auditorium so that the audience could not see exterior as they could in a Greek theatre. Several Roman theatres, like Roman ampitheatres had a velarium or awning that was rigged to shade the viewers from the sunlight. Roman theatres ended up routinely created on concrete vaulting that supported the auditorium and authorized quick access to seating, as group regulate was a major worry to the Roman builder.

The Theatre of Marcellus in Rome was very first commissioned by Julius Caesar and was done through the reign of his grandnephew and adopted son Augustus. The facade was travertine and experienced forty just one bays with a fifty percent column on both sides of just about every bay. This style was extensively copied just after the theatre was designed. Similarities can be noticed in the Colosseum, which was created significantly later on. Llike many Roman constructions, the Theatre of Marcellus was developed of concrete and baked bricks that have been 3.5 to 4.5 centimeters thick. The bricks ended up incredibly pourous to soak up the mortar and to give a superior bond. The structure in the condition of a 50 percent circle which was a standard structure for Roman theatres. The back again of the stage place or the scaena frons was embellished with a continuous row of columns a few tiers superior that ran the width of the stage. The scaena frons was a different Roman innovation that was very first utilised the 4th century BC but failed to access its ideal right until the 2nd century Advert.

In Roman theatres, the orchestra was element of the auditorium. It would usually be established up with moveable chairs for the V.I.P.s. The Greeks utilized the orchestra as a phase space.


There are numerous discrepancies concerning Greek and Roman architecture. The Greeks built a lot of structures on leading of hills, the Romans adjusted the hills into architectural structures. Early Greeks made use of the write-up and lintel process, whilst Romans thoroughly applied the arch, vault and dome. Concrete was a major making content for the Romans, the Greeks ended up often making an attempt to come across much better setting up components and applied enormous stones held alongside one another with clamps and dowels.

In theatre style and design, the two Greeks and Romans most popular to use hillsides, but since of significant cities the Romans had been pressured to create their theatres on flat ground. This exercise introduced on the groundbreaking structure of a freestanding theatre composition.

The Greeks took their faith significantly and developed their temples for the gods. The Romans took the see, introduced it inside the temple interior and declared that what went on within was pretty essential so the temple have to look excellent on the inside much too.